Book Your Ultimate Blood Test
Blood testing beyond your GP – Your Blood Health Blueprint
Choose Your Support
Ultimate Blood Test
- Blood test to assess 103 biomarkers – see below
- Blood test kit delivered to your home (take with you to your appointment)
- Free Phlebotomy (blood draw) appointment at one of the nationwide clinics.
- Courier service to take your blood test to the lab (some of the biomarkers are sensitive and need quick delivery)
- Functional health report delivered to you via our secure practitioner portal (see example report below)
Ultimate Blood Test PLUS
- Blood test to assess over 103 biomarkers – see below
- Blood test kit delivered to your home (you will need to take this to your appointment)
- Free Phlebotomy (blood draw) appointment at one of the nationwide clinics.
- Courier service to take your blood test to the lab (some of the biomarkers are sensitive and need quick delivery)
Plus private consultation with a qualified Nutritional Therapist (MSc)
- Functional health report delivered to you via our secure practitioner portal (as seen in the example for the Ultimate Blood test)
- Health improvement plan and supplement protocol delivered to you via our secure practitioner platform (see sample report below)
- Health questionnaire emailed to be completed with signs, symptoms, medications etc.
- Research undertaken from questionnaire, blood chemistry analysis and medications to check for contraindictations.
- Individual consultation online (1 hour) with Sonia Hollis to go through your report and suggested health improvement plan.
- Letter to your GP if needed for follow up concerns, observations and update to your health care.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which blood test requires fasting?
All of these blood tests require fasting of 12 hours. This means no food or drinks 12 hours before the test. You are allowed to drink water.
Why should I fast?
When we consume any food or beverage, with the exception of water, our body initiates the digestion process, allowing nutrients to be absorbed into the bloodstream. Consequently, this results in elevated levels of various nutrients, including sugars, amino acids, cholesterol, minerals like iron, and the release of specific enzymes like GGT into the bloodstream. In order to effectively diagnose conditions such as diabetes, liver disorders, kidney issues, and heart disease, it becomes crucial to precisely measure the levels of these aforementioned nutrients.
Can I still drink coffee?
Coffee should be avoided during fasting periods because it can speed up digestion.
Anything else I need to avoid during fasting?
Chewing gum – chewing gums speeds up digestion. Most chewing gums contain sugar. This can alter the level of blood sugar.
Alcohol – alcohol can affect the accuracy of a blood test. It affects the level of sugar and fat in the blood.
Do I need to stop taking my medications?
Do not discontinue any medications without prior consultation and agreement with your GP. The test results will help assess if your medications are functioning at the correct levels, and discontinuing them may lead to inaccurate readings.
Do I need to stop taking my supplements?
Self prescribed supplements: In general, it is advised to stop taking vitamin and mineral supplements for a brief period before the test (for a minimum of 24-48 hours before the test). For example, you should not take any iron tablets for 24 hours before the test. Iron is absorbed rapidly from food or tablets, and can make your blood iron levels falsely high.
If you are on prescription vitamin or mineral supplements, follow your healthcare provider or GP instructions closely. It may be necessary to continue as prescribed.
Can I still exercise?
Exercise and other strenuous activities – exercise increases metabolic reactions in the body. An increase in metabolic activity can speed up digestion and absorption of nutrients. This can affect the result. Please do not exercise for 48 hours before the test. For male clients undertaking PSA testing please avoid vigorous exercise, especially riding a bicyle, along with sexual activity for 48 hours prior to testing as this has been associated with elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.
List of Biomarkers Included
Blood glucose levels are regulated by several important hormones including insulin and glucagon. Glucose is also directly formed in the body from carbohydrate digestion and from the conversion in the liver of other sugars, such as fructose, and fats into glucose. Increased blood glucose is associated with type 1 & 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. Decreased levels of blood glucose are associated with hypoglycemia.
The Hemoglobin A1C test measures the amount of glucose that combines with hemoglobin to form glycohemoglobin during the normal lifespan of a red blood cell, which is about 120 days. The amount of glycohemoglobin formed is in direct proportion to the amount of glucose present in the bloodstream during the 120-day red blood cell lifespan. In the presence of high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) the amount of hemoglobin that is glycosylated to form glycohemoglobin increases and the hemoglobin A1C level will be high. Hemoglobin A1C is used primarily to monitor long-term blood glucose control and to help determine therapeutic options for treatment and management.
Insulin is the hormone released by the pancreas in response to rising blood glucose levels and decreases blood glucose by transporting glucose into the cells. Often people lose their ability to utilise insulin to effectively drive blood glucose into energy-producing cells. This is commonly known as insulin resistance and is associated with increasing levels of insulin in the blood. Excess insulin is associated with greater risks of heart attack, stroke, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes.
C-Peptide is used as an indicator for insulin production from the pancreas. It can help assess whether high blood glucose is due to reduced insulin output from the pancreas or due to reduced glucose uptake by the cells, a condition called insulin resistance.
BUN or Blood Urea Nitrogen reflects the ratio between the production and clearance of urea in the body. Urea is formed almost entirely by the liver from both protein metabolism and protein digestion.The amount of urea excreted as BUN varies with the amount of dietary protein intake. Increased BUN may be due to increased production of urea by the liver or decreased excretion by the kidney. BUN is a test used predominantly to measure kidney function, where it will be increased. An increased BUN is also associated with dehydration and hypochlorhydria. A low BUN is associated with malabsorption and a diet low in protein.
Creatinine is produced primarily from the contraction of the muscle and is removed by the kidneys. A disorder of the kidney and/or urinary tract will reduce the excretion of creatinine and thus raise blood serum levels. Creatinine is traditionally used with BUN to assess for impaired kidney function. Elevated levels can also indicate dysfunction in the prostate.
This test measures the amount of creatinine in your blood and/or urine. Creatinine is a waste product produced in your muscles from the breakdown of a compound called creatine. Creatine is part of the cycle that produces energy needed to contract your muscles. Both creatine and creatinine are produced by the body at a relatively constant rate. Almost all creatinine is excreted by the kidneys, so blood levels are a good measure of how well your kidneys are working. The quantity produced depends on the sex, size or age of the person and their muscle mass. For this reason, creatinine concentrations will be slightly higher in men than in women and children
The BUN/Creatinine is a ratio between the BUN and Creatinine levels. An increased level is associated with renal dysfunction. A decreased level is associated with a diet low in protein.
The eGFR is a calculated estimate of the kidney’s Glomerular Filtration Rate. It uses 4 variables: age, race, creatinine levels and gender to estimate kidney function. Levels below 90 are an indication of a mild loss of kidney function. Levels below 60 indicate a moderate loss of kidney function and may require a visit to a renal specialist for further evaluation.
The acronym PSA stands for prostate-specific antigen, the most abundant protein synthesized in the prostate gland. PSA – Total is currently used as a biological marker to detect disease related to the prostate. Elevated levels of PSA – Total are associated with the following conditions: an enlarged prostate (Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy or BPH), prostate inflammation (prostatitis), prostate cancer and there is also evidence that it can be elevated in urinary tract infection. It’s important to remember that elevated levels of PSA – Total may not necessarily signal prostate cancer, and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by an expression of PSA.
Sodium is an important blood electrolyte and functions to maintain osmotic pressure, acid-base balance, aids in nerve impulse transmission, as well as renal, cardiac, and adrenal functions. Increased sodium is most often due to dehydration (sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, polyuria, etc.) or adrenal stress. Decreased sodium levels are associated with adrenal insufficiency and edema.
Potassium is one of the main electrolytes in the body. Due to the critical functions of potassium for human metabolism and physiology, it is essential for the body to maintain optimal serum levels even though a small concentration is found outside of the cell. Potassium levels should always be viewed in relation to the other electrolytes. Potassium concentration is greatly influenced by adrenal hormones. As such, potassium levels can be a marker for adrenal dysfunction.
Chloride plays an important role in human physiology. The amount of serum chloride is carefully regulated by the kidneys. Chloride is involved in regulating the acid-base balance in the body. Increased levels are associated with metabolic acidosis and decreased levels are associated with metabolic alkalosis. Chloride is an important molecule in the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach so decreased levels are associated with hypochlorhydria.
Carbon Dioxide is a measure of bicarbonate in the blood. CO2, as bicarbonate, is available for acid-base balancing. Bicarbonate neutralizes metabolic acids in the body. Elevated levels of CO2 are associated with metabolic alkalosis and hypochlorhydria. Decreased levels are associated with metabolic acidosis.
The sodium and potassium levels are under the influence of aldosterone and cortisol, both hormones produced by the adrenal glands. Aldosterone causes the body to retain sodium by causing a decreased excretion of sodium from the kidney. Aldosterone has the opposite effect on potassium causing the body to excrete potassium by increasing the excretion of potassium from the kidney.
Amylase is an enzyme that converts starch into sugar. It is produced primarily in the salivary glands and pancreas. Levels will increase with inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) or salivary glands. Low levels of amylase are seen with pancreatic insufficiency, a dysfunction of the pancreas leading to a decreased output of pancreatic enzymes.
Lipase is an enzyme involved in fat digestion. It is produced primarily in the pancreas.Levels will increase with inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) and gallbladder dysfunction. Low levels may be seen with pancreatic insufficiency, a dysfunction of the pancreas leading to a decreased output of pancreatic enzymes.
The anion gap is the measurement of the difference between the sum of the sodium and potassium levels and the sum of the serum CO2/bicarbonate and chloride levels. Increased levels are associated with thiamine deficiency and metabolic acidosis.
Uric acid is produced as an end-product of purine, nucleic acid,and nucleoprotein metabolism. Levels can increase due to over-production by the body or decreased excretion by the kidneys. Increased uric acid levels are associated with gout, atherosclerosis, oxidative stress, arthritis, kidney dysfunction, circulatory disorders and intestinal permeability. Decreased levels are associated with detoxification issues, molybdenum deficiency, B12/folate anemia, and copper deficiency.
Creatine Kinase (CPK) is a group of enzymes found in skeletal muscle, the brain, and the heart muscle. Damage to one or more of these tissues will liberate CPK into the serum thus raising serum levels. Decreased levels of Creatine Kinase may be seen in the chronic stage of muscle atrophy. Increased levels of CPK are associated with muscle damage or breakdown, damage to the heart muscle as in an acute MI, heavy exercise, and brain damage or inflammation.
Total serum protein is composed of albumin and total globulin. Conditions that affect albumin and total globulin readings will impact the total protein value. A decreased total protein can be an indication of malnutrition, digestive dysfunction due to HCl need, or liver dysfunction. Malnutrition leads to a decreased total protein level in the serum primarily from lack of available essential amino acids. An increased total protein is most often due to dehydration.
Albumin is one of the major blood proteins. Produced primarily in the liver, Albumin plays a major role in water distribution and serves as a transport protein for hormones and various drugs. Albumin levels are affected by digestive dysfunction and a decreased albumin can be an indication of malnutrition, digestive dysfunction due to HCl need (hypochlorhydria), or liver dysfunction. Malnutrition leads to a decreased albumin level in the serum primarily from lack of available essential amino acids. Decreased albumin can also be a strong indicator of oxidative stress and excess free radical activity. Increased albumin is a strong indicator of dehydration.
Total Globulin is composed of individual globulin fractions called alpha 1, alpha 2, beta, and gamma fractions. The total globulin level is greatly impacted by concomitant increases or decreases in one or more of these fractions. Globulins function to transport substances in the blood and constitute the antibody system, clotting proteins, and complement. Globulins are produced in the liver, the reticuloendothelial system, and other tissues.Care must be taken when making a diagnosis based upon the total globulin alone because total globulin is composed of 4 different fractions. Inflammatory, degenerative, or infectious processes are associated with increased production of antibodies.
The albumin/globulin ratio is the ratio between the albumin and total globulin levels. A decreased ratio is associated with liver dysfunction and immune activation from infectious or inflammatory processes. An increased Albumin/Globulin ratio is uncommon and is usually due to dehydration.
Liver & Gallbladder Health
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
- AST (SGOT)
- ALT (SGPT)
- Total Bilirubin
- Direct Bilirubin
- Indirect Bilirubin
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a group of isoenzymes that originate in the bone, liver, intestines, skin, and placenta. It has a maximal activity at a pH of 9.0-10.0, hence the term alkaline phosphatase. Decreased levels of ALP have been associated with zinc deficiency. Elevated levels of ALP in the serum can occur with any liver dysfunction, it is especially sensitive to any type of obstruction in the biliary tract, both intra and extra-hepatic, both severe and mild.
AST is an enzyme present in highly metabolic tissues such as skeletal muscle, the liver, the heart, kidney and lungs. This enzyme is at times released into the bloodstream following cell damage or destruction. AST levels will be increased when liver cells and/or heart muscle cells and/or skeletal muscle cells are damaged. The cause of the damage must be investigated. Low levels are associated with a B6 deficiency.
ALT is an enzyme present in high concentrations in the liver and to a lesser extent skeletal muscle, the heart, and kidney. ALT will be liberated into the bloodstream following cell damage or destruction. Any condition or situation that causes damage to the hepatocytes will cause leakage of ALT into the bloodstream.
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is an enzyme that is present in highest amounts in the liver cells and to a lesser extent the kidney, prostate,and pancreas. It is also found in the epithelial cells of the biliary tract. GGT will be liberated into the bloodstream following cell damage or destruction and/or biliary obstruction. GGT is induced by alcohol and can be elevated following chronic alcohol consumption and in alcoholism. Decreased levels are associated with vitamin B6 and magnesium deficiency.
LDH represents a group of enzymes that are involved in carbohydrate metabolism. Decreased levels of LDH often correspond to hypoglycemia (especially reactive hypoglycemia), pancreatic function, and glucose metabolism. Increased levels are used to evaluate the presence of tissue damage to the cell causing a rupture in the cellular cytoplasm. LDH is found in many of the tissues of the body, especially the heart, liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, brain, red blood cells,and lungs. Damage to any of these tissues will cause an elevated serum LDH level.
The total bilirubin is composed of two forms of bilirubin: Indirect or unconjugated bilirubin, which circulates in the blood on its way to the liver and direct or conjugated bilirubin, which is the form of bilirubin made water-soluble before it is excreted in the bile. An increase in total bilirubin is associated with dysfunction or blockage in the liver, gallbladder, or biliary tree, or red blood cell hemolysis. A decrease in Total Bilirubin is associated with an increase in oxidative stress.
Direct or conjugated bilirubin is the form of bilirubin that has been made water-soluble in the liver so it can be excreted in the bile. An increase in direct or conjugated bilirubin may be associated with a dysfunction or blockage in the liver, gallbladder, or biliary tree.
Bilirubin is formed from the breakdown of red blood cells. Indirect or unconjugated bilirubin is the protein (albumin) bound form of bilirubin that circulates in the blood on its way to the liver prior to being eliminated from the body in the bile. Elevated levels of indirect or unconjugated bilirubin are usually associated with increased red blood cell destruction.
Serum iron reflects iron that is bound to serum proteins such as transferrin. Serum iron levels will begin to fall somewhere between the depletion of the iron stores and the development of anemia. Increased iron levels are associated with liver dysfunction, conditions of iron overload (hemochromatosis and hemosiderosis), and infections. Decreased iron levels are associated with iron deficiency anemia, hypochlorhydria, and internal bleeding. The degree of iron deficiency is best appreciated with ferritin, TIBC, and % transferrin saturation levels.
Ferritin is the main storage form of iron in the body. Decreased levels are strongly associated with iron deficiency where it is the most sensitive test to detect an iron deficiency. Increased levels are associated with iron overload, an increasing risk of cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and oxidative stress.
Total Iron Binding Capacity is an approximate estimation of the serum transferrin level. Transferrin is the protein that carries most of the iron in the blood. Elevated levels are associated with iron deficiency anemia. Decreased levels of TIBC are associated with possible iron overload or a protein deficiency.
UIBC measures the unsaturated binding capacity of transferrin, the protein that carries iron in the body i.e. UIBC measures levels of transferrin that have not bound to iron. Assessment of UIBC helps to determine iron-deficiency or overload.
The % transferrin saturation index is a calculated value that tells how much serum iron is bound to the iron-carrying protein transferrin. A % transferrin saturation value of 15% means that 15% of iron-binding sites of transferrin are being occupied by iron. It is a sensitive screening test for iron deficiency anemia if it is below the optimal range. It is a sign of iron overload or too much iron in the blood if it is above the optimal range.
- Cholesterol - Total
- LDL - C
- Non HDL Cholesterol
- Triglyceride / HDL Ratio
- VLDL Cholesterol (Ultimate test only)
- LP(a) (Max & Ultimate test only)
- Apo A-1 (Ultimate test only)
- Apo B (Max & Ultimate test only)
Cholesterol is a steroid found in every cell of the body and in the plasma. It is an essential component in the structure of the cell membrane where it controls membrane fluidity. It provides the structural backbone for every steroid hormone in the body, which includes adrenal and sex hormones and vitamin D. The myelin sheaths of nerve fibres are derived from cholesterol and the bile salts that emulsify fats are composed of cholesterol. Cholesterol is made in the body by the liver and other organs and from dietary sources.
Serum triglycerides are composed of fatty acid molecules that enter the bloodstream either from the liver or from the diet. Clients that are optimally metabolising their fats and carbohydrates tend to have a triglyceride level about one-half of the total cholesterol level. Levels will be elevated in metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, in clients with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, hypothyroidism, and adrenal dysfunction. Levels will be decreased in liver dysfunction, a diet deficient in fat, and inflammatory processes.
LDL functions to transport cholesterol and other fatty acids from the liver to the peripheral tissues for uptake and metabolism by the cells. It is known as bad cholesterol because it is thought that this process of bringing cholesterol from the liver to the peripheral tissue increases the risk for atherosclerosis. An increased LDL cholesterol is just one of many independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease. It is also associated with metabolic syndrome, oxidative stress, and fatty liver.
HDL functions to transport cholesterol from the peripheral tissues and vessel walls to the liver for processing and metabolism into bile salts. It is known as “good cholesterol” because it is thought that this process of bringing cholesterol from the peripheral tissue to the liver is protective against atherosclerosis. Decreased HDL is considered atherogenic, increased HDL is considered protective.
Non-HDL cholesterol represents the circulating cholesterol that is not carried by HDL (the protective carrier that collects cholesterol from tissues and blood vessels and transports it back to the liver). An elevated Non-HDL Cholesterol is associated with an increase risk of cardiovascular disease and related events.
The Triglyceride:HDL ratio is determined from serum triglyceride and HDL levels. Increased ratios are associated with increased cardiovascular risk and an increased risk of developing insulin resistance and Type II Diabetes. A decreased ratio is associated with decreased cardiovascular risk and a decreased risk of developing insulin resistance and Type II Diabetes.
VLDL is a lipoprotein formed in the liver to transport endogenous triglycerides, phospholipids, protein, and cholesterol. It serves, from a functional perspective, as an internal lipid transport molecule, moving triglyceride and other lipids from one area of the body to another.
Lipoprotein (a) or Lp(a) is a small dense lipoprotein that carries cholesterol in the blood.Increased blood levels of Lp(a) may be a strong indicator of early cardiovascular disease.There are no known negative effects of levels of Lp(a) at the lower end of the normal reference range. Some individuals may have no detectable Lp(a) in their blood.
Apolipoprotein A-1 is the major component of HDL Cholesterol. Evaluation of Apo A-1 levels can help determine cardiovascular risk in those with reduced levels of HDL, increased cholesterol and increased triglycerides. Elevated levels of Apolipoprotein A1 are predictive of a lowered incidence of cardiovascular disease.
Apolipoprotein B (also called Apolipoprotein B-100) is a protein constituent of lipoproteins such as VLDL and LDL.
- Total T4 (Ultimate test only)
- Free T4
- Total T3 (Ultimate test only)
- Free T3
- T3 Uptake (Ultimate test only)
- FTI - T7 (Ultimate test only)
- Reverse T3 (Max & Ultimate test only)
- Free T3: Reverse T3 (Max & Ultimate test only)
- Free T3 : Free T4
TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary to control the thyroid gland’s production of T4, to store T4, and to release it into the bloodstream. TSH synthesis and secretion is regulated by the release of TRH (Thyroid Releasing Hormone) from the hypothalamus. TSH levels describe the body’s desire for more thyroid hormone (T4 or T3), which is done in relation to the body’s need for energy. A high TSH is the body’s way of saying “we need more thyroid hormone”. A low TSH reflects the body’s low need for thyroid hormone.
T-4 is the major hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. T-4 production and secretion from the thyroid gland are stimulated by the pituitary hormone TSH. Deficiencies of zinc, copper, and vitamins A, B2, B3, B6 and C will cause a decrease in production of T4 by the follicles of the thyroid gland. Most of the T4 in the blood is in the bound form, i.e. bound to proteins in the blood such as thyroid binding globulin.
Free T-4 is the unbound form of T4 in the body. Only about 0.03 – 0.05% of circulating T4 is in the free form. Free T-4 will be elevated in hyperthyroidism and decreased in hypothyroidism.
T-3 is the most active thyroid hormone and is primarily produced from the conversion of thyroxine (T-4) in the peripheral tissue. T-3 is 4 -5 times more metabolically active than T-4. Total T3 reflects the total amount of T3 present in the blood i.e. amount bound to protein and free levels.
T-3 is the most active thyroid hormone and is primarily produced from the conversion of thyroxine (T-4) in the peripheral tissue. Free T3 is the unbound form of T3 measured in the blood. Free T3 represents approximately 10% of circulating T3 in the blood. Free T-3 levels may be elevated with hyperthyroidism and decreased with hypothyroidism.
The T-3 uptake test has nothing to do with actual T-3 levels, as the name might suggest. Increased levels are associated with hyperthyroidism and people on thyroid hormone. Decreased levels are associated with hypothyroidism and deficiencies of iodine and selenium.
The Free Thyroxine Index is a calculated measurement used to determine how much active thyroid hormone (thyroxine/Free T4) is available.
Reverse T-3 is formed from the thyroid hormone T-4 (thyroxine). It is thought to be an inactive form of thyroid hormone that acts as a sort of metabolic brake on the body. High stress and cortisol levels, chronic illness, inflammation, multiple vitamin deficiencies, fasting, yo-yo dieting, poor nutrition, calorie restriction, lack of exercise, and increased alcohol intake can all raise reverse T-3 levels.
The Free T3 to Reverse T3 is used to determine whether there are issues with thyroid hormone conversion. A high or optimal ratio of Free T3 to Reverse T3 isn’t considered clinically significant. A low Free T3 to Reverse T3 is a sign of Thyroid Hormone Conversion Syndrome, a situation where the peripheral conversion of T4 into the more metabolically active T3 is decreased.
Measuring Free T3 (FT3) and Free T4 (FT4) helps assess how much free and active thyroid hormone is available for use. Calculating the ratio of FT3 to FT4 can provide further information about the current thyroid status.
Fibrinogen is one of the principal blood clotting proteins. It is produced in the liver and liver disease and dysfunction can cause a decrease in the level of circulating fibrinogen. Levels increase with tissue inflammation or tissue destruction. Elevated fibrinogen levels are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and stroke. Fibrinogen levels are often elevated in clients suffering from cancer, especially colon cancer.
High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (Hs-CRP) is a blood marker that can help indicate the level of chronic inflammation in the body. Increased levels are associated with an increased risk of inflammation, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Homocysteine is a molecule formed from the incomplete metabolism of the amino acid methionine. Deficiencies in Vitamins B6, B12, and folate cause methionine to be converted into homocysteine. Homocysteine increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by causing damage to the endothelial lining of the arteries, especially in the heart. Increased levels of homocysteine are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke, as well as cancer, depression, and inflammatory bowel disease.Decreased levels of homocysteine are associated with a decrease in the body;s detoxification capacity and an increased risk of oxidative stress.
The ESR test is based on the fact that certain blood proteins will become altered in inflammatory conditions, causing aggregation of the red blood cells and as such it is a non-specific measure for inflammation in the body. The ESR is useful for determining the level of tissue destruction, inflammation, and is an indication that a disease process is ongoing and must be investigated.
C-Reactive Protein is a blood marker that can help indicate the level of inflammation in the body.
Vitamins & Minerals
- Vitamin D (25 - OH)
- Folate (Max & Ultimate only)
- Vitamin B12 (Max & Ultimate only)
- Magnesium - Serum
- Zinc - Serum (Ultimate test only)
- Calcium / Albumin Ratio
- Calcium / Phosphorus Ratio
This vitamin D test measures for levels of 25-OH vitamin D to assess vitamin D status. An increased serum vitamin D is usually seen with clients that are supplementing with too much vitamin D. A decreased serum vitamin D is extremely common and is a sign of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with many disorders including many forms of cancer, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, diabetes along with mental health disorders.
Folate functions as a coenzyme in the process of methylation. Along with vitamin B12, folate is essential for DNA synthesis. Low folate intake can result in folate deficiency, which can impair methylation, DNA synthesis, and red blood cell production.
Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient for DNA synthesis and red blood cell maturation and is also necessary for myelin sheath formation and the maintenance of nerves in the body. Decreased serum B12 levels are associated with a deficiency of B12, insufficient B12 intake in the diet, or malabsorption.
Serum calcium levels, are primarily regulated by parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D. A low calcium level indicates that calcium regulation is out of balance and not necessarily that the body is deficient of calcium and needs supplementation. Other potential imbalances would need to be investigated – ie Vitamin D, hypochlorhydria, mineral need as a few examples before supplementing.
Phosphorous levels are regulated by parathyroid hormone (PTH). Plasma levels may be decreased after a high carbohydrate meal or in people with a diet high in refined carbohydrates. Serum phosphorous is a general marker for digestion. Decreased phosphorous levels are associated with hypochlorhydria.
Magnesium is important for many different enzymatic reactions, including carbohydrate metabolism, protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, and muscular contraction. Magnesium is also needed for energy production and is used by the body in the blood clotting mechanism. An increased serum magnesium is associated with kidney dysfunction and thyroid hypofunction. A decreased magnesium is a common finding with muscle cramps.
Zinc is a trace mineral that participates in a significant number of metabolic functions and is found throughout the body’s tissues and fluids. Low levels of serum zinc are associated with zinc deficiency. Elevated levels of serum zinc are often seen in people supplementing with zinc.
The Calcium:Albumin ratio is determined from serum calcium and albumin levels. Elevated levels can be a sign of protein deficiency or protein loss. Decreased levels could indicate a calcium and/or vitamin D insufficiency.
The Calcium:Phosphorus ratio is determined from the serum calcium and serum phosphorus levels. This ratio is maintained by the parathyroid glands and is also affected by various foods. Foods high in phosphorus and low in calcium tend to disrupt the balance and shift the body toward metabolic acidity, depleting calcium and other minerals and increasing inflammation.